THE ISSUES: WHY THE CONCERN?
fact that many of these biodiversity rich sites are already gazetted as
Protected Areas. (e.g. Forest
Reserves), the resources are depleting at increasing rates.
being encroached and converted to farmland or bush.
Biodiversity is lost by over harvesting of key resources.
with little management or protection, have a reduced ability to supply
resources. The demand for resources
is increasing as human populations not only continue to grow, but also have
greater consumer demands. The Supply and Demand equation is greatly out of
these issues are the facts that:
Government regulatory agencies all over
the region have a reduced capability; and are poorly equipped to deal with
today’s newer ideas of joint regulation WITH local people.
Communities themselves have little
awareness of larger biodiversity issues (although they are often well aware of
biodiversity values!) and low capacity to interact with governments at local and
This is true not only within the districts, but
the frameworks in which districts operate are impacted on by central policies
and laws. For example past natural
resources legislation, which does not permit some form of joint ownership,
serves as a major disincentive for local conservation initiatives
Existing legal and social rules and
regulations often do not permit sustainable exploitation of biodiversity.
The present “Enhancing Environment” for conservation does not permit
a regulatory capability involving all stakeholders.